density of wood railroad ties

Flexural behavior of high-density polyethylene railroad crossties .

Hardwood timber has been the predominant material of choice for crossties since the establishment of the railroad industry in the US. Recently, several concerns, including higher speeds, heavier loads, durability and negative environmental effects associated with deforestation and wood-treating chemicals, have invoked..

Railroad Ties | Wayfair

Plow and Hearth Reclaimed Wood And Iron Outdoor Bench is crafted from shorea wood railroad ties, some 100 years old or more. This dense, durable wood is proven to .. The Leicester high-density Belgian quality cut upholstery fabric with an original chevron designer pattern. The plush is raised on top of the fabric

Environment and Climate Change Canada - Chapter D Creosote .

Jul 28, 2017 . There are two major types of creosote: P1/P13 fraction (creosote preservative being 50% coal tar creosote and 50% petroleum oil), which is used in the treatment of poles and pilings; and the P2 fraction (creosote solution) which is used in the treatment of railroad ties. These two fractions of creosote are..

FAQs - Railway Tie Association

Approximately how many new wood, concrete, steel and composite ties do the major railroads in the United States use each year? .. Based on several Zeta-Tech studies, wood ties generally have a lower cost per mile per MGT than any of the alternate tie configurations, except for severe curvature high density applications

How much does a railroad tie weigh? Is it standard? - Quora

The Railway Tie Association has all the specifications of railroad ties, including what woods they are made of, how many are currently in use, and their . a MINIMUM weight per tie (and therefore a minimum density) they can't have a standard weight per tie, because ties are cut from wood, which does not maintain the same..

Wood Handbook--Chapter 18--Round Timbers and Ties

is a function of volume, moisture content, and wood density. Durability . wood, favorable strength properties and form, and availability in popular .. Ties. The most important availability consideration for railroad cross ties is quantity. Ties are produced from most native species of timber that yield log lengths >2.4 m (8 ft) with

Composite Railroad Ties | Axion Structural Innovations Recycled .

Our patented processes, developed in conjunction with scientists at Rutgers University, transform recycled consumer and industrial plastics into a myriad of structural products that are ideal replacements for traditional materials made from wood, steel or concrete. From girders, pilings and railroad ties to bridge substructures,..

APPENDIX II US & Chilean Creosote Treated . - Mardones BPB

93% of the US railroad network, approximately 130,200 miles (209,492 km), is supported on wood crossties. Ties laid on . such as traffic density, track geometry and environmental conditions (climate). . from A to D, depending on traffic density, where it is possible to verify that the tie's life may approximately go from 20

investigation of the loss of creosote components from railroad ties

and phenolic components of creosote from creosote impregnated railroad ties. .. treating railroad ties. Creosote is a variable mixture of srveral organic compounds obtained by the pyrolysis of bituminous coal. There are several pathways by ... Multiplying the amount in equation (2) by the density of wood. the chemical

CBI Customer Testimonial With Ties 2: Railroad Ties Grinding

Jun 7, 2016 . Those that install railroad ties in the first place want to find the hardest wood possible for the sake of the ties lasting, said Ties 2 Operations Manager Chris Weides. Because of that, we come across extremely hard wood that is also littered with metal. And I mean all sorts of different metal anywhere from..

Norfolk Southern Sues Over Millions of Rail Ties It Calls Defective .

Oct 30, 2017 . ATLANTA Norfolk Southern Railway has filed a federal lawsuit against an Alabama company, claiming the company failed to use proper protective coating on more than 4.7 million wooden railroad ties. Norfolk Southern says it is being forced to replace millions of defective railroad ties because they're..

Two-Step Thermochemical Process for Adding Value to Used .

Sep 5, 2017 . Two-Step Thermochemical Process for Adding Value to Used Railroad Wood Ties and Reducing Environmental Impacts . of the preservative, such as viscosity and density, and its toxic threshold against a common decay basidiomycete fungus were similar to those of commercially available P2-creosote

NURail Project NURail2012-UIC-RO2-combined - NURail Center

Reinforced High DensityPolyethylene Composite Railroad Crossties, written by Mohsen A. Issa, Ibrahim . Flexural Behavior of High Density Polyethylene Railroad Crossties. By. Mohsen A. Issa ... plastic crosstie showed acceptable results and comparable track modulus to that of their wooden counterpart. Lampo (30)..

ET-75 - Willamette Valley Company, Railroad Division

ET-75. Willamette Valley Company's Railroad Division developed the ET-75 wood-tie remediation product to effectively fill a spike hole in wooden railroad ties. ET-75 creates a moisture barrier while adding new density to the crosstie. This non-foaming, 100% solid polyurethane is specifically designed to exhibit consistent..

Plastic Composite Wood Core Railroad Ties 270lbs Near .

Property Wood Core AREMA Standards Appearance Matte Black Dimensions (in X in X in) 7 x 9 Weight (lbs) 240 Surface Hardness (lb/.25"ind) 5,300 Density (lbs/ft3) . Given the hazards of wood treated with preservatives such as creosote, many rail companies have begun replacing their wood railroad ties with composite..

Creosote Railroad Tie MSDS - Universal Forest Products

Mar 15, 2011 . Product Use. Industrial wood products; specifically railroad ties, utility poles, and marine pilings. * * * Section 2 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION * * *. EMERGENCY OVERVIEW. Physical Form: Pressure treated poles and crossties - treated at a retention level of 7-9 lbs/ft3 with a wood density of 45-55 lbs/ft

Summary of Current State of Practice for Composite Crossties

Jun 5, 2014 . When Railroads First Developed in U.S., Had. Abundance of Trees . Disposal of Old Ties. Concerns of Lesser Quality of Present Day Wood Ties. Rising Cost of Wood. Large Number of Trees Needed to Meet the Demand for Replacement . Advantages of High-Density Polyethylene. Based Recycled..

Beech - Industrial Timber & Lumber Company

Beech wood is used to make flooring, furniture, veneer plywood, and railroad ties. It is especially favored as fuel wood because of its high density and good burning qualities. Coal tar made from beech wood is used to protect wood from rotting. The creosote made from beech wood is used to treat various human and animal..

TieReport #5 - Railway Tie Association

Wood is an extremely versatile and effective material for use as a railroad track . Density is mass per unit volume and is derived from testing of small clear speci- . Forest Service data. Actual whole tie values may differ. [1]. Unit of measure is pounds per square inch. Material Properties of Wood Crossties. 1. Tie Category